1. Isak Karabegović, Tehnički fakultet u Bihaću,
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
, Bosnia and Herzegovina
The name "Industry 4.0" appears in 2011 at the Hanover Fair in Germany, and the changes taking place in the world industrial and digital scene WEF - World Economic Forum (held in 2016 in Davos) gave it the name of the Fourth industrial revolution-Industry 4.0. Industry 4.0 represents a vision of advanced industrial production, which is already partially implemented today by implementing new technologies in the automation of production processes, data exchange and processing. Within the fourth industrial revolution, a new value chain is formed, which primarily relies onthe Cyber-Physical System (CPS), which is also another name for the "Internet of Things", and its service is usually realized in the Cloud (Cloud Coputing). The development and implementation of the fourth industrial revolution "Industry 4.0" is based on the following technologies: cloud computing, robotics, automation, intelligent sensors, 3D-printers and radio frequency identification (RFID), which are the foundations of Industry 4.0. From the listed basic technologies of Industry 4.0 we would single out collaborative robotics as a basic technology, because without its development and implementation there is no implementation of Industry 4.0. Collaborative robotics covers a wide range of robot models with different characteristics and a common goal: to work together with people and help them in their tasks. Collaborative robots work directly with a human, or can simply be found together in a space where one or more people work, and designed to keep people safe, easy to use and extremely flexible in terms of applicability. In the production processes in the world, the first generation industrial robots are mostly installed, and the paper itself shows the trend of robot implementation in the world. An analysis of the implementation of industrial robots in ten top countries in the world in 2019 was made, as well as the implementation of industrial robots per 10,000 workers in production processes.A projection of the application of collaborative robots in the world until 2025 is given. The trend of application of new generation robots will have a growing character in the future, because the goals of the fourth industrial revolution cannot be achieved without collaborative robots, in other words to reach a "smart production process" or "smart factory".
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