CONCEPTUAL MODELING OF TRAINING OF SPECIALISTS IN A MODERN UNIVERSITY

1. Sergiy Kovalevskyy, Donbass State Engineering Academy (DSEA), Kramatorsk, Ukraine, Ukraine
2. Olena Kovalevska, Donbass State Engineering Academy (DSEA), Kramatorsk, Ukraine, Ukraine
3. Ludmila Kosheva, Donbass State Engineering Academy (DSEA), Kramatorsk, Ukraine, Ukraine

The authors of the article present the features of creating poorly formalized models, reflecting the competence approach, which allows monitoring the formation of the necessary competencies of the future specialist in the light of changes in his personal values. Taking into account the individual characteristics of students, solving educational problems, taking into account the interests of students, diversity, novelty, emotional class, as well as general cultural level, erudition, scientific and methodological preparation, responsibility, hard work, conviction, reasonable demand, pedagogical ensure the quality of the educational process. For the success of the educational process, it is important to have an attitude towards the formation of competencies of future specialists, based on the internal needs, motives of students, as well as on the set of acquired knowledge, skills and professional skills. The purpose of preparation and the set of psychological and pedagogical instructions allowed to form the content of specialist training, certain requirements for professionalism, as well as the value system of the specialist's coordinates. In the process of forming a specialist, the most important are the educational activities and psychological and pedagogical support for personal development. It is these components of the personal subsystem of the model of the specialist training process that allow him to realize the aspects identified by us in the model of activity: lists of spheres, objects, types of professional activity, tasks and competences required. The central concept of modeling theory is the concept of adequacy. Purpose of the study: to establish the relationship between training and test sets when creating adequate models of objects of different nature. The neural network based approach is a mathematical construct with a variable structure that depends on the input. The adequacy of such models is verified on the basis of satisfactory testing on a test set which is not included in the training set, and the volume of the output data sets is directly related to the quality of the models formed on the basis of these data.
The minimum of the total error estimated against randomly formed subsets occurs when establishing the test set as 1/3 of the randomly selected portion of the total data set used for the simulation. Such a recommendation is certainly different from the 80% / 20% recommendation and should be taken into account when building neural networks. Training professionals as a system of pedagogical technologies influences the formation of motives for success. Therefore, it is of great importance to identify methods for managing the complex of personal qualities of students in the group of specialists through the construction and use of adequate neural network models. Assessment of the degree of achievement of results in the formation of necessary competencies leads to the need for timely correction of educational technology. Only sufficient motivation, based on spiritual, social and physical education (culture education) and the needs of the student's personality (model of student's personality), can really form such professional qualities of a specialist, which will allow to ensure the adequacy of a trained specialist through his professional activity.

Ključne reči: competence; personal values; pedagogical technologies; neural networks; modeling adequacy; system.

Tematska oblast: SIMPOZIJUM B - Biomaterijali i nanomedicina

Datum: 08.09.2020.

Contemporary Materials 2020 - Savremeni Materijali


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