1. Željka Marjanović-Balaban,
Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2. Ljiljana Stanojević, Serbia
3. Jelena Stanojević, Serbia
4. Vesna Gojković, Faculty of Technology, University of East Sarajevo , Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
The essential oil of juniper berries (Juniperus communis L.) is traditionally used for medicinal and flavoring purposes. The Republic of Srpska has a great potential of woody greenery and juniper berries as a possible raw material for the production of essential oils. Therefore, the subject of this study is to determine chemical composition of essential oil obtained from juniper berries (Juniperus communis L.). The essential oil of the Juniperus berry was produced in industrial conditions by the hydrodestilation process, in cooperation with the PEF "Forest of Republika Srpska", a.d. Sokolac. A light yellow essential oil, a pleasant smell, yield of 1.3% was obtained.
Qualitative and quantitative composition of the oil was determined by GC-MS and GC-FID analysis. The obtained results proved the presence of 58 components, wherein the highest content of α-pinene (29.3 %), myrcene (12.7 %), sabinene (9.5 %), germacrene D (8.4 %), limonene (3.6 %) and (E)-Caryophyllene (3.4 %) is determined.