1. Mehmet Cetin, Kastamonu University, Turkey
The quality of life of millions of people living in cities can be improved if the factors that affect the urban microclimate are understood and the form of the city responds to them in a manner that is appropriate to its location. Underlying this approach is the idea that climatically responsive urban design is vital to any notion of sustainability: it enables individual buildings to make better use of 'natural' energy, it enhances the potential for pedestrian comfort and activity in outdoor spaces, and it encourages city dwellers to moderate their dependence on air-conditioned buildings and private vehicles. In recent years social, economic and environmental considerations have led to a reevaluation of the factors that contribute to sustainable urban environments. Increasingly, urban green space is seen as an integral part of cities providing a range of services to both the people and the wildlife living in urban areas.