1. Ljiljana Došenović,
Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2. Tanja Trkulja, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy, Bosnia and Herzego, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
3. Tijana Marić, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
The paper explores the possibility of improving the quality of life and natural environment in the process of cities’ rapid development through green infrastructure planning at abandoned railway sites. Theoretical settings include elaborating definition, function and classification of greenways with emphasis on their environmental, socio-economic and health benefits, both for the individual and community. It is primarily related to encouraging the preservation of cultural and natural landscape heritage, promoting healthy lifestyles and sustainable ecological tourism.The basic aspects of urban development processes are reviewed, and a special emphasis is placed on the urban matrix of Trebinje. In the last stage of development flows, Trebinje is under the strong influence of general socio-political changes that have placed it in a completely different context of spatial-functional relations in regard to the environment. The establishment of strong state borders between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia has disabled the historical continuity of the city's development relying on traffic, commercial and cultural links with the southern hinterland. Reduced economic activity and a radical change in the economic structure of the city are the cause of the abandonment of production capacities and, consequently, of the creation of significant spatial resources and brownfield sites. The research has focused on the polygon of the former railway station in Trebinje. This inactive rail corridor points to the possibility of transformation into a linear park, with the aim of achieving ecological, socio-economic and health benefits. Namely, the value of the city space depends on the quantitative, but also the qualitative share of the landscape in the physical structure of the city. Thus, the results of theoretical research of this paper are administered through the discourse on the development and design of green infrastructure in a concrete case study.
Urbano šumarstvo-pejzažna arhitektura