Novelties in European vegetation science: Hierarchical floristic classification system of vegetation of Europe and Red list of European habitats

1. Andraž Čarni, Research Center of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Ljubljana, Slovenia; University of No, Slovenia

Hierarchical floristic classification system of vegetation of Europe features the first comprehensive and critical account of European syntaxa and synthesizes more than 100 years of classification effort by European phytosociologists. Approximately 10.000 bibliographic sources were evaluated to create a comprehensive list of previously proposed syntaxonomic units. These units were evaluated by experts for their floristic and ecological distinctness, clarity of geographic distribution and compliance with the nomenclature code. The overview of vegetation dominated by vascular plants includes 109 classes, 300 orders and 1108 alliances. It aims to document and stabilize the concepts and nomenclature of syntaxa for practical uses, such as calibration of habitat classification used by the European Union, standardization of terminology for environmental assessment, management and conservation of nature areas, landscape planning and education.
The results of the Red List of European terrestrial and freshwater habitats project have been recently finished and results available. In the project, many researchers from southeastern Europe have been involved, thus experts from the Faculty of Forestry, University of Banja Luka, covered Bosnia and Herzegovina. This is the first red list of habitats that reviews the current status of natural and semi-natural habitats in Europe and gives an information about the major pressures on them. The information about habitats have been collected from all over Europe and the evaluation have been done according to modified version of IUCN criteria. The assessment provides the evaluation of 233 habitats with detailed description, distribution maps, identification of typical for biogeographic region, list of threats, conservation matures and restorability.
Mucina, L., Bültmann, H., Dierssen, K., Theurillat, JP., Raus, T., Čarni, A., Šumberová, K., Willner, W., Dengler, J., Gavilán García, R. et al. 2016. Vegetation of Europe: Hierarchical floristic classification system of vascular plant, bryophyte, lichen, and algal communities. Applied Vegetation Science 19: 3–264.
Janssen, A.M., Rodwell, J.S., García Criado, M., Gubbay, S., Haynes, T., Nieto, A., Sanders, N., Landucci, F., Loidi, J., Ssysmak, A., Tahvanainen, T., Valderrabano, M. et al. 2016. European Red List of Habitats - Part 2. Terrestrial and freshwater habitats. Publication office of EU, Luxembourg.

Ključne reči: vegetation; habitats; nature protection; phytosociology; Europe

Tematska oblast: Ekologija šuma i očuvanje prirodnih resursa

Datum: 11.10.2017.

Šumarska nauka u funkciji održivog razvoja šumarstva
25 godina šumarstva Republike Srpske

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