1. Nataša Kablar, Lola Institut, Serbia
Solid-state physics is the study of rigid matter, or solids. Solid materials are consisted from atoms that interact intensively. These interactions produce mechanical, thermal, electrical, magnetic and optical properties of solids. Solid-state physics studies how the large-scale properties of solid materials result from their atomic-scale properties. These properties can be exploited in engineering purposes. Solids can be examined through methods such as quantum mechanics, crystallography, or electromagnetism. Applications can be in many different fields. We are particularly interested in main current applications of solid state physics in electronics (ex. technology of transistors and semiconductors, microprocessors and microcontrollers, communication modules), controllers, optics (ex. lasers, fiber optics), or magnetics (ex. magnetic resonance imaging). In this paper we will examine several examples with explaining structure, physical, mechanical and other properties, their fabrication, and usage in engineering. Future work will also cover biological applications that are focus of most actual research today.