1. Srđan Vuković, Tehnološki fakultet u Istočnom Sarajevu,
Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2. Danijela Rajić, Tehnološki fakultet Zvornik Univerziteta u Istočnom Sarajevu, Karakaj bb 75400 Zvornik, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
3. Svetlana Pelemiš, Tehnološki fakultet u Istočnom Sarajevu, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Radionuclides in nature are found in air, water and soil as components of rocks, soil, sea and ocean. Natural radioactive gas radon has the largest share in the total received dose of the population. Exposure of the population to high concentrations of radon causes malignant lung diseases. Therefore, many states have adopted legislation aimed at protecting against radon and have made significant efforts to identify areas with increased radon concentrations.
The first law concerning the protection of the population from radon appeared in 1941 in the United States. The health effects of radon were also recognized in Europe, where in 1950 the first guidelines and recommendations for protection against radon by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) appeared. The problem of radon has not been approached in a systematic and organized manner in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as in the countries of the region. Currently, several research groups and institutions deal with thematic radon. It is a good basis to unite all these activities into national programs and to define strategic goals and action plans.
The basis of any national radon program is to obtain a radon risk map. A large number of international projects with this topic show how important it is. Currently, projects within the EU research area are underway with the aim of creating a large atlas of natural radioactivity in Europe with an emphasis on radon.