1. Nikola Cekić, Građevinsko-arhitektonski fakultet Niš , Serbia
University of Niš, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture,
Aleksandra Medvedeva st. 14/111, 18000 Niš, Repulic of Serbia, E-mail: email@example.com
Abstract: The attention of the author in this paper is focused on the innovative joining of environmental, natural terracotta material and the artifact one. The design solutions for terracotta facades from all over the world of ecourbarchitecture confirm outstanding scientific and technical and technological achievements, especially those which bring about new esthetic-artistic and material-inspirational image of buildings in the public space through the designing of facade planes of artifact physical structures – buildings. In addition, they bring about the new contemporary spirit of engineering creations and diversified significance in experiencing of ecourbarchitectonic space. The terracotta material in various forms and formats, textures and colors is a magical long-term means for transcription of forms in the artificial universe of urban agglomerations. Through several examples of facades realized in terracotta material, the paper presents exceptional potential for changes of culturological-citybuilding remodeling of micro-ambient entities, be them the already existing or newly designed structures, in order to emphasize the conceptual, environmental and organic rapprochement with natural structures in the environment. The paper accentuates the necessary good understanding of the structure and physical-mechanical properties of the terracotta material, size of the pieces and methods of mechanical fitting for appropriate use. In general, the focus is on a different strategy and synthetic understanding of contemporary material formation of the living environment with naturalistic appearance.
Key words: terracotta material, ecourbarchitectonic structures, contemporay formation, variety of facads, technical and technolgical achievements