1. Dragana Dimitrijević, Faculty of of Mechanical Engineering, Serbia
2. Predrag Živković, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Niš , Serbia
3. Janja Branković, University of Nis, Faculty of Mechanicla Engineering, Serbia
4. Mirko Dobrnjac, Mašinski fakultet Univerziteta u Banjoj Luci, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
5. Žana Stevanović, University of Belgrade, Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Serbia, Serbia
Cities are open and dynamic urban ecosystems, which consume, transform and release matter and energy. By erecting buildings change in the flow of energy and matter through the urban ecosystems occurs creating multiple environmental problems. Those problems are amplified by transportation and production systems, which influence the elements of the ecosystem negatively. Air pollution in the urban environment, as one of the problem, is a major threat to human health. Conventional air pollution management programs focus on controlling the source of air pollutants but do not address the pollutants already in the air. Green roof implementation strategy is an innovative approach that can be adopted to remove existing air pollutants thereby reducing air pollution concentrations to an acceptable level, as vegetation plays important roles on remediating air pollution after the emission occurs. The green roof can be used to supplement the use of urban trees in air pollution control, especially in situations where land is not available and public funds are insufficient.
This review paper presents collected data comparing the findings from different research conditions and approach, to explore the important role that the green living roofs can play in the dense urban areas, mainly considering the impact on air quality. Pollution level, type of green roof involved in researches, and different material selection, for both plants and soil, have considering the influence on the performance of the green roof as a passive natural air filtration system.
Energetics and Thermal Engineering